Hitler came in for three Struwwelpeter parodies. The author of Struwwelhitler used the pseudonym Dr. Schrecklichkeit Dr. To Dachau Concentration Camp'. Struwwelpeter was most popular from around the middle of the 19th to the middle of the 20th century. Today, outside of German speaking countries, the work is not well known. In Germany, however, the stories and the drawings are iconic and instantly recognizable. They have been used in advertising and in political campaigns, and Struwwelpeter is a name for any number of German businesses.
This is not to say that Struwwelpeter has been forgotten in the rest of the world. It has had a lasting impact on children's literature especially in such authors as Edward Gorey , Roald Dahl , and Maurice Sendak. The Strywwelpeter museum in Frankfurt, Germany has animated all the stories in Struwwelpeter on their webpage.
Submitted by RA not verified on May 16, - am. Submitted by Vern Mackelson not verified on November 10, - pm. Submitted by Hank Basse not verified on March 23, - am. Schwarzman Building May 15, Heinrich Hoffmann's Struwwelpeter from Andy's Early Comics Archive Struwwelpeter is a children's book that has been endlessly imitated and retold, while providing the inspiration for countless parodies.
Auden referred to the later in his poem "The Witnesses" And now with sudden swift emergence Come the women in dark glasses, the humpbacked surgeons And the Scissor Man. Slovenly Peter Reformed, Showing how He Became a Neat Scholar From "the late nineteenth century onwards, Struwwelpeter provided a model for all kinds of political and social satires.
Theatre View all posts by Jack Sherefkin. Comments Patron-generated content represents the views and interpretations of the patron, not necessarily those of The New York Public Library. And my childhood has just come back to haunt me! Submitted by Andrea Lipinski on May 15, - pm. This might sound weird, but I was just discussing this book with my boyfriend's family on Mother's Day.
Come to think of it, that definitely sounds weird! My maternal grandmother had a copy of this book in some language that I couldn't understand maybe Russian or German? She would tell me about the stories and I would stare, horrified, at those terrifying pictures. If nothing else, that book did teach me some valuable lessons. I now know not to suck my thumb, not to stare up into the sky while I'm walking, not to play with matches and set myself on fire The Scissor-man! I Submitted by RA not verified on May 16, - am.
I wonder if Freud knew Struwwelpeter. Thank you for highlighting the influences Struwwelpeter has had Submitted by Vern Mackelson not verified on November 10, - pm. I read Struwwelpeter as a child and always thought of the connection when I first saw Edward Scissorhands the Tim Burton film starring Johnny Depp.
Guide Der Struwwelpeter Original-Scan (German Edition)
It took a long time for me to understand that so many people had no idea about Struwwelpeter and the Scissor Man. Those stories and images had such formative effects on my childhood. It's hard for me to imagine being a kid without being "scared" of these stories. And to think That would not have as high a chance of success today. Heck, even the best selling horror story author Stephen King wrote a not scary fairy tale for his children.
Aaaahh how times and parenting cultures have changed. I never found the stories scary Submitted by Hank Basse not verified on March 23, - am. My grandmother read the stories to me in German when I was about years old, but I never found them scary.
In contrast to the postencephalitic motor drive, the restlessness observed in the cases of Kramer and Pollnow could be observed only by day Kramer and Pollnow , p. According to Kramer and Pollnow, the most obvious symptom of children with hyperkinetic disease is a remarkable motor activity, which appears to be very urgent Kramer and Pollnow , p.
RARE Old 19th Century DER STRUWWELPETER German Version Heinrich Hoffmann | #
These children cannot stay still for a second, run up and down the room Kramer and Pollnow , p. This description is very similar to the current characterization of hyperactivity, one of the main symptoms of ADHD. Kramer and Pollnow furthermore consider the observed motor activity as being characterized by a conspicuous lack of purposefulness Kramer and Pollnow , p. Children with hyperkinetic disease indiscriminately touch or move everything available without pursuing a goal Kramer and Pollnow , p.
They often do not use objects according to their function, but regard them as stimuli inducing activity Kramer and Pollnow , p. These children switch the light on and off, move chairs around the room, climb the table, the cupboard or the windowsill, jump around in their beds, turn keys in the keyhole, rip paper, go round in circles, throw objects out of the window, or beat their toys rhythmically on the floor without any purpose Kramer and Pollnow , p.
This aimlessness of action exemplified by quickly changing activities is possibly due to a distinct distractibility by new and intensive stimuli, which is another symptom mentioned by Kramer and Pollnow. The children described by Kramer and Pollnow often cannot complete a set task or do not answer to questions Kramer and Pollnow , p. They are unable to concentrate on difficult tasks Kramer and Pollnow , p.http://greenjellybeanholdings.com/sms-locate-application-for-cellphone.php
The history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
These descriptions comply with the second main symptom of ADHD, i. This symptom is also described by Kramer and Pollnow as a further characteristic of the hyperkinetic child. According to these authors, hyperkinetic children show no perseverance in their activities, e. However, Kramer and Pollnow also noticed that the children were able to persevere at some activities of their interest for hours Kramer and Pollnow , p.
Both a lack of perseverance and the ability to concentrate on certain tasks can be observed in children with ADHD. Kramer and Pollnow describe furthermore that the children are unstable in their mood Kramer and Pollnow , p.
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They observed an increased excitability, frequent fits of rage, and a tendency to become aggressive or to burst into tears for marginal reasons Kramer and Pollnow , p. These are characteristic signs of impulsivity, and all main symptoms of ADHD are therefore present in the record of Kramer and Pollnow. The description of the hyperkinetic disease also meets another criterion of ADHD. Kramer and Pollnow describe that hyperkinetic children are often disobedient Kramer and Pollnow , p.
At school, they may cause confusion or disturb the class Kramer and Pollnow , p. They often have difficulty playing harmoniously with other children and are generally unpopular among peers Kramer and Pollnow , p. In many cases of Kramer and Pollnow, the abnormal behavior occurred following a feverish disease or epileptic convulsion Kramer and Pollnow , p. Kramer and Pollnow describe that the characteristics of the disorder, especially the motor restlessness, decline in intensity by the age of seven, and in most cases, the children recover in the subsequent years Kramer and Pollnow , p.
Since Kramer and Pollnow considered abnormal motor activity as the most characteristic symptom of the disorder, they possibly regarded affected children as recovered when, regardless of other symptoms, this sign receded. The introductory remark of Kramer and Pollnow that the pathological manifestation of the disorder had been known previously, but had not been recognized as a distinct disorder which had to be differentiated from other disorders with similar symptoms, is consistent with the historical literature.
In summary, Kramer and Pollnow established a concept of the hyperkinetic disease that closely resembles the current concept of ADHD. In , Charles Bradley reported a positive effect of stimulant medication in children with various behavior disorders Bradley This usually caused severe headaches, which were supposed to be the result of a significant loss of spinal fluid. However, benzedrine had a negligible effect on the headaches, but caused a striking improvement in behavior and school performance in some of the children Brown ; Gross Bradley subsequently started a systematic trial in 30 children of his hospital and observed remarkable alterations in behavior.
Bradley was surprised at this effect.
Related Der Struwwelpeter 1846 Original-Scan (German Edition)
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